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Sunday, December 18, 2011

Know our India !


1- 71% or 770 million people are below 35 years of age,  Indians are young.

2-  29 million people are born every year, 10 million die per year, population increase 1.8% per year.

3- 90% to 94% drop out rate of children (including those who never went to school) between kindergarten and class 10+2.

4- India has 970,000 schools, China has 1,800,000.

5- 6% are the ones that cross the 10+2 stage, (Educational 'Line of Control') which is our so called educated youth, go in for a regular college degree which may not be very relevant in today's context for the sake of employment generation and National GDP enhancement.

6- 72% of all graduates from the 15,600 colleges are Arts graduates. Balance 28% in Science, Commerce, Engineering, I.T., Medical, Law, Management and special subjects.

7- India has 372 universities, China has 900 & Japan has 4000.

8-     While 95% of the world youth between 15 to 35 years of age learn a vocation, a skill or a trade, with a choice of 2,500 vocational education and training (VET) programs, we in India have only identified about 71 trades, after 58 years of Independence and hardly 2% of the population goes for formal VET training!

9-   India has 11,000 ITI's and VET schools, China has 500,000
senior secondary vocational eduacation and training schools.

10-  We can get engineers and MBA's in India but no carpenters, plumbers, drivers, repairmen and other skilled personnel as per international standards!

11-  Information Technology, Software or I.T. is the only exception, possibly due to 50,000 or more private I.T. training centers spread across the country.

12-  I.T. & Software is only 1.5% of the world's GDP. India's present share is about 5%. For rapid economic growth and employment generation we need to concentrate on the balance 95% of the Economy & Enterprise and make it world class.

13-  300* million unemployed / employable age* and only 45million have actually registered with employment offices with little or no hope of getting employment (our estimates)*.

14-  Of all new employment generated, 1% are Government jobs,2% are in the 'organized sector' and the balance 97% in the'unorganized sector'

15- Out of our 430 million workforce, 94% work in the 'unorganized sector' and about 6% in the 'organized sector'.

16-  1.7% of the entire population, viz. 18 million people work for the Central & State Government; another 9 million work in the 'private organized sector', a total of 2.6% of the population.

17-  All the Labour Laws are made to protect, at any cost, the above

2.6% of the Indian population. Article 311 of the Indian constitution needs revision since it over-protects employees of the Government even at a cost to the Nation.

18-  While MP's, MLA's and Municipal Councilors and the village Panchayats, can only be elected for a maximum of 5 years, the officials, babus, and government employees enjoy life long benefits of employment, in spite of their performance.

19- 600 million illiterate people, based on the international definition of the 3R's (reading, writing and arithmetic, education up to primary level or Class 5th). (our esitimates) as per Goverment of India is 63% literate. China is 93% literate.

20- The Indian definition of literacy is based on survey of people“If you can write your name, you are literate”; nobody has seriously ever challenged this definition!

21-  260 million live below the Government of India's definition of the Poverty Line of Rs.11(Rural) to Rs 14(Urban) per day! (based on being able to buy enough rice and wheat from the Public Distribution System /Ration Shops,which has food value of 2,200 K calories per day).

22-  Nobody has ever challenged this definition of 'Poverty Line'.How can one expect people to live with a few kilos of raw uncooked wheat or rice? As human beings don't we need more? How about one set of clothes to cover our bodies, a set of chappals for our feet, some vegetables, milk and fruit, in our diet? How will we cook without any energy and fuel?

23- 450 million* live below the poverty line definition of the World Bank's old definition of @ US$ 1 per day per person, or US$ 365 per year. 700 million* people below the poverty line definition of the World Bank's new definition of @ US$ 2 per
day per person, or US$ 730 per year. (our estimates)*

24-   Average Per Capita of an Indian is about US$ 600 per year per person (1.07 billion people and a GDP of US$ 648 billion). The average earning of an Indian is US$ 1.65 per day.

25- India has only 1.72% of the World GDP and has 17% of the world population. Demands are high but buying power is low. Hence we will need to increase our export related activities by 10 times, as the foreign markets are 60 times bigger than the Indian market. Our share of world markets or foreign trade is 0.8%, down from 33% 1,000 years ago, down from 27% when the British landed in India and down from 3% in 1947.

26-   Only 5% of Indians understand English, yet most of the websites of the Government of India, State Governments and Public Institutions are in English!

27-   While English is a language used in countries which account for about 40% of the world GDP, viz., USA + UK + old British Colonies, yet in India while we talk of Globalization, we are not serious to learn the other languages of the world, eg., Japanese, German etc, unlike the Chinese youth who are doing

28-  India is probably at the bottom of the heap, as far as the human development index is concerned such as infant  mortality, child care, malnutrition, women's health, isease, health, clean water, etc.

29-   Democracy is, to the people, for the people, by the people. If we  have to succeed, the Citizen has to get involved andparticipate in Governance.

30-  Unlike other countries, we have 18 official languages, 4,000 dialects, all the religions of the world, and because of low human and economic development, emphasis on SC, ST, Dalits, caste, religion, sect, minorities, region, ethnic groups, etc.

31-  Employment generation is restricted due to existing Policies which do not encourage 'Labour Intensive' enterprises. Relevant Labour Reforms in line with prevailing practices in other countries of Asia are required for a level playing field for Indian organizations.


32-   The size of Enterprises cannot be decided by officials in the Central Government.They are decided by technology, process, international market forces and competitive pressures. Reservation for Small Scale Industry, SSI, needs to be scrapped and SME's should be encouraged. SSI's are 7% of the Indian GDP. 99.7% of all organizations in the world are SME's. 90% of the Indian GDP are SME's. We need to understand the meaning of 'E' in SME (small & medium enterprise).

33-   As per, about Rs. 2200 crores are spent every day, at the Centre and State level, both on revenue as well as capital account in order to Govern INDIA. To improve Governance we need to insure +95% of Literacy, a large number of active Citizen Groups and maximum use of The Right to Information Act!

  Under the above circumstances how can we run an efficient country with Good Governance and Effective Administration?


  1. show this post to those policy makers..

  2. Very Nice post our team like it thanks for sharing

  3. This post is really very informative! Thanks for such a meaningful post!

  4. 71% or 770 million people are below 35 years of age, Indians are young.

    Great fact! I like it.

  5. Useful data. This should be made known to Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Pranav, Chidambaram and Manmohan. Perhaps they know it but do not know how to use it. :))

  6. Good statistics about the country.Thanks .

  7. सामान्य ज्ञानवर्द्धन के साथ गहन चिंतन को बाध्य करती बेहतरीन पोस्ट.महोदय, आभार.

  8. सामान्य ज्ञानवर्द्धन के साथ गहन चिंतन को बाध्य करती बेहतरीन पोस्ट.महोदय, आभार.

  9. These facts are really an eye opener! A must read post for everyone!

  10. I agree with Bharat Bhushan & Jyoti Misra's comments!

  11. - 71% or 770 million people are below 35 years of age, Indians are young.

    ya ... our real strength is our these young Indians. That's why I hope 21st century will belong to India!

  12. This post has both kinds of data...positive & negative! Means one can get a fair Idea of opportunities and threats very easily.

    So congrats on collecting such a valuable bank of data!

  13. Very nice, knowledgeable and informative post. Thanks a lot for sharing such a valuable information.
    Wish you a Merry Christmas.